Professional training for prison and correctional officers was not well organized in India even after two decades of independence. Taking this fact into account, in the year 1968, the Central Bureau of Correctional Services, Government of India, conceived a scheme for establishing a Jail Officers Training Institute for imparting training to prison and correctional officers in the southern zone and the same was communicated vide No.1/6/68-Tech dated 03.04.1969 to the four southern states, i.e., Andhra Pradesh (erstwhile), Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. The draft scheme was placed in the Southern Zonal Council Meeting held at Bangalore in January, 1970 and the proposal was accepted by all the four states. It was further discussed in the meeting of Central Advisory Board on Correctional Services held at New Delhi on 14.03.1970 and decided to constitute a Sub-Committee of Central Advisory Board with Inspectors General of Prisons of four southern States to work out the operational aspects of the proposed institute. This sub-committee held a meeting at Trivandrum on 06.03.1972 and authorized the Inspectors General of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu to decide on the location. Subsequently the Inspectors General of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu met at Madras on 12.10.1972 and decided to locate the institute at Vellore. The Chief Secretaries Conference held in April 1979 in New Delhi, under the Chairmanship of the then Home Minister, also gave countenance for this proposal with full assistance and support from the Government of India. Subsequently the ‘Regional Institute of Correctional Administration’ (RICA) formally came into existence on 01.10.1979. Later, in the year 2009, the institute was renamed as ‘Academy of Prisons and Correctional Administration (APCA).’
To prepare prison and correctional officers as leaders, who will lead the Correctional Services with uprightness, dedication, courage and a strong sense of service to the people, to achieve the goals of reformation, rehabilitation and reintegration of prisoners into society.
To impart quality training in Correctional Administration and allied subjects to the correctional officers of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and non-participating States.
To inculcate in them, such values, standards and norms as would help them discharge their duties better. In particular it will try to inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of the people in fast changing social milieu, respect for human rights, law and justice, high standard of professionalism, physical fitness and mental alertness.
To promote excellence by investing in human resource development through training and research and by fostering co-operation and co-ordination for common vision.